Up until 1990 our understanding of Dilmun at this early time was limited to robbed tombs and apparently isolated religious sites. It lacked information on how the island’s people interacted with their environment and their neighbours, how they harnessed the resources to which they had access, what they ate, how their society worked — in short, how they actually lived. The Expedition discovered over eighty buildings and their contents: houses with intact ovens, basins and hearths, and a well preserved temple. The results transformed our knowledge of daily life on Bahrain 4,000 years ago.